Projects in execution - 3rd quarter 2022
Social Mobility Impact Monitor
Seeking to gather learning about the design, impact and operational mechanisms of policies and programs, IMDS continues to work to increase the collection on the platform-site that provides, in lay terms, a portfolio of initiatives around the world with promising impact on social mobility.
The objective is to foster a culture of the use of scientific evidence in Brazilian governments, bridge the gap between technical knowledge and policy management, and provide useful information about successful experiences. All this in a structured way through search engines that associate related policies under the same tags, facilitating access and expanding the collection suggested in searches.
Brazilian Bolsa Família Program – Studies of the 2005 beneficiaries, with Cecilia Machado and Valdemar Neto, and Oppen Social support on data analysis
The study of exit and permanence in the Unified Registry (CadÚnico), launched in March 2022, allowed us to quantify the persistence of individuals of the first generation of the Bolsa Família Program (PBF) as beneficiaries of the income transfer program.
In a new stage of studies on the main income transfer program in the years 2000 and 2010 of the country, we will seek to investigate the relationship of the outflow movements of beneficiaries with the local characteristics of the municipality, as well as to analyze this exit to formal employment, through data from the Annual Social Information List (RAIS).
That is, we want to: (i) understand which factors are associated with higher exit rates, in order to guide possible municipal strategies, through public policies, in search of a reduction in the economic dependence of individuals; (ii) understand whether those who go out of social policy mapping do so by accessing formal employment and increasing the chances of more stable income.
For this purpose, we will create a new model that maps whether or not one is in RAIS, forecasting models that indicate the dynamics of exiting CadÚnico and accessing formal employment. We will also seek to understand the role of migration in the movements of remaining in and exiting CadÚnico and having access to formal jobs. Furthermore, we will study the intergenerational mobility of education from CadÚnico through the data of fathers and children in adulthood.
Education Spending Efficiency in Brazil – Study with Pedro Olinto and Vivian Amorim
The project seeks to revisit and extend the World Bank's study to review public spending (Brazilian Expenditure Review), which sought to evaluate the efficiency of education spending of federal entities.
The proposal is to use the amount spent (average expenditure per student, for example) and the results obtained in standardized education assessments (Saeb) to compare municipalities and states. Based on this comparison and through economic modeling, a kind of optimal frontier is created, which determines the efficient combinations of expenditures and results. Next, the adjustments in spending and/or the necessary improvement in quality indicators of education are determined so that those entities that are not at the border can reach it.
Thus, we seek to provide materials that guide public agencies at the state and municipal levels to optimize their resources and improve their educational indicators, improving the cost-effectiveness of education.
IMDS – Elections 2022: State-level Indicators, with Oppen Social
In another effort to provide technical support to the public sector, the IMDS is organizing a systematization of relevant indicators at the state level, which seek to describe the main social challenges, especially related to social mobility, in order to contribute to a rich debate focused on results in the 2022 Elections.
There will be two waves of content release, which will seek to produce and consolidate thematic sets of indicators, which can serve to guide government platforms of candidates for public office in 2022, as well as guide society on relevant issues to bear in mind.
The Quota Law – Study for the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
The project aims to feed the informed debate by providing evidence about affirmative actions in higher public education and in technical education and generate input for the process of reviewing the policy of the Quota Law of 2012.
An evidence map will be elaborated in Brazil and worldwide, with a collection of studies and actions on affirmative actions and quota policies. A webinar will bring together experts to discuss the topic. Finally, a technical report will be produced, contextualizing the theme, offering a diagnosis of the issue, addressing theoretical concepts, discussing possible models, addressing national and international literature and, finally, dealing with possible improvements.
The Evidence Award and IMDS Trophy – Social Mobility, with FGV EESP Clear and Enap
The Evidence Award is an award initiative of the Center for Learning in Evaluation and Results for Brazil and Lusophone Africa (FGV EESP Clear), the Institute for Mobility and Social Development (IMDS) and the National School of Public Administration (Enap) to recognize and promote the interaction between science and public policy, and to give visibility, strengthen and support government programs based on research with solid evidence and good practices on the national and international front.
After the success of the 1st Edition, the three institutions are working on the revision of the notice to launch the 2nd Edition of the award.
Special session at SBE 44th Meeting and IDB-IMDS-SBE Award for scientific papers, with the Inter-American Development Bank and the Brazilian Econometric Society
The IMDS, in partnership with the IDB, will organize a special session at the 44th Meeting of the Brazilian Econometric Society, to be held in December 2022, in Fortaleza, Ceará, whose theme will be "Youth in Brazil". The panel will propose a discussion on the challenges and opportunities for this population group.
The award of the same theme, sponsored by IMDS, IDB and SBE, whose purpose is to stimulate discussion on themes and public policies related to mobility and social development, will recognize articles that address issues related to education, health, and the labor market for young people.